Jan-Willem W. Steeb, David B. Davidson and Stefan J. Wijnholds, "Mitigation of Non-Narrowband Radio Frequency Interference Incorporating Array Imperfections," Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, V08, no. 01, 1940013, March 2019.

In a recent paper, we presented a non-narrowband spatial radio frequency interference (RFI) mitigation algorithm for radio astronomy arrays. The algorithm constructs a second order filter by combining a first order subspace subtraction method with a non-narrowband signal model. The model is based on the assumption that the frequency response is approximately flat and that the array is calibrated. In this paper, we consider the effects of array imperfections such as unknown complex gains and mutual coupling, incorporate these into the non-narrowband signal model and extend the RFI mitigation algorithm to include a calibration step. With a calibration step and no mutual coupling, the proposed algorithm was able to process twice the bandwidth per channel when compared to conventional narrowband techniques. This performance declines to 1.6 times more bandwidth when the effect of mutual coupling is included. The evaluation of the algorithm was done using the layout of a LOFAR High Band Antenna (HBA) station and a digital audio broadcast recorded with a software defined radio.

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